The Complete Guide to TRP Full Form: Target Rating point


In this article, we will discuss Television Rating Points (TRP), which is a crucial factor in the television industry for measuring audience viewership. TRP is a metric used to determine the popularity and reach of a TV program. It influences broadcasters’ advertising revenue and success.

In this article, we will provide an overview of what TRP is, its importance in the television industry, and how it is calculated. We will also explore the different organizations involved in audience measurements, such as BARC (Broadcast Audience Research Council) and TAM (Television Audience Measurement), and how TRP impacts the industry.

What is TRP Called?

In the United States and some other countries, TRP is also known as “Nielsen rating” after the company that provides the audience measurement service. In the United Kingdom, TRP is called “BARB rating” after the Broadcasters’ Audience Research Board. In India, TRP is commonly used, but also called “TV Rating Point.”

There are some differences in TRP measurement across countries due to variations in audience measurement companies’ methodology and technology. For example, in some countries, audience measurement is based on electronic meters installed in households, while in others, it is based on surveys and panel data.

These differences can impact TRP data accuracy and reliability and also affect broadcasters’ and advertisers’ strategies. Therefore, it is important for television industry stakeholders to understand the nuances of TRP measurement in different countries.

Audience Measurement

Audience measurement is the process of determining television audience size and composition. It plays a critical role in the television industry as it provides broadcasters and advertisers with valuable insights into their target audience’s viewing habits. Audience measurement helps determine the popularity of TV channels, shows, and commercials, which, in turn, affects advertising revenue.

TV viewership is measured using various methods, including surveys, ratings, and television audience measurement (TAM) systems. These methods collect data on what viewers watch and how long they watch it. In India, TAM is the most widely used system to measure television viewership, and it is administered by the Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC).

Broadcasters use audience measurement data to understand their programs’ popularity and make decisions about program schedules and content. Advertisers use data to identify popular programs and commercials that reach their target audiences. This information is crucial in determining advertising rates and television channel revenue.


BARC (Broadcast Audience Research Council) and TAM (Television Audience Measurement) are two major audience measurement organizations in India that measure television viewership and calculate TRP (Television Rating Point). BARC was established in 2010 to replace TAM, which operated in India since 1998.

The importance of BARC and TAM in measuring TRP

BARC and TAM play a crucial role in measuring TRP because they collect and analyze data to determine TV shows’ and channels’ popularity. Broadcasters and advertisers rely on TRP data to schedule and advertise programs. TRP data also help broadcasters understand their audience’s preferences and develop programming that meets their interests.

How BARC and TAM collect data for TRP calculation

BARC and TAM use various methods to collect data for TRP calculation, including electronic meters and paper diaries. Electronic meters are installed in a sample of households and record TV viewing data automatically. In contrast, paper diaries require participants to manually record viewing habits.

BARC and TAM collect data and converted it into TRP ratings. These ratings indicate the percentage of households watching a particular show or channel among the target audience.

Understanding TRP Ratings

Interpreting TRP ratings: TRP ratings measure the popularity of a TV program or channel among its audience. It is measured as a percentage of the total viewership population. For instance, a TRP rating of 2 means that 2% of the total viewership population watched that particular program or channel. The higher the TRP rating, the more popular the program or channel is considered.

The significance of excellent TRP ratings: The TRP ratings are significant for television channels and advertisers as they indicate the popularity of a program or channel among its audience. This means that more viewers tune in to watch a particular program, which translates into higher advertising revenue for the channel. A strong TRP rating also helps a channel negotiate higher advertising rates for the program.

The impact of TRP ratings on television programming and advertising: TRP ratings determine the success of a TV program or channel. Channels often make programming decisions based on TRP ratings and may change a program’s time slot or content to improve its ratings. Advertisers also use TRP ratings to determine which programs to advertise on, as higher TRP ratings mean more potential audiences for their ads. Therefore, TRP ratings have a significant impact on television channels’ programming and advertising strategies.

Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC)

Broadcast Audience Research Council (BARC) is a joint industry body that measures Television Rating Points (TRP) in India. BARC is responsible for providing TV viewership data that helps broadcasters and advertisers understand how popular a particular TV program or channel is among viewers. The data is used to determine advertising revenue for channels and helps broadcasters make decisions regarding programming and content.

BARC measures TRP by installing TV meters, called BAR-O-Meters, in households that represent India’s demographic and geographic diversity. These meters collect data on the channels watched by individuals in these households.

This information is then used to determine the TRP for a specific program or channel. BARC’s TRP data is considered the industry standard and is widely used by broadcasters, advertisers, and media agencies in India.

What is the TRP formula?

Television Rating Point (TRP) is a metric used to measure television viewership. TRP is calculated by measuring the percentage of households watching a particular program at a specific time. This is compared to the total number of households in the survey universe.

The TRP formula is: TRP = (Number of target audience watching the show / Total number of target audience) x 100

The target audience is defined as the specific demographic group a program aims to reach, such as women aged 18-49. The total number of the target audience is the total number of households in the survey universe that belong to the target audience.

For example, if a program is watched by 10,000 households out of 100,000 households in the survey universe. The target audience is women aged 18-49, and 4,000 of those 10,000 households are women aged 18-49. Then the program TRP would be:

TRP = (4,000 / 100,000) x 100 = 4

This means that the program has a TRP of 4, which indicates that 4% of the target audience watches the program.

The TRP formula can be used to calculate the TRP for a specific program or an entire channel over a specific period of time. It is an important metric for broadcasters and advertisers as it helps them understand the popularity of a program or channel. This helps them make informed advertising revenue decisions.         

Broadcasters and Advertising Revenue

Broadcasters play a significant role in the TRP system as they rely on ratings to evaluate the popularity of their shows. They also make programming decisions. High TRP ratings can attract advertisers and increase advertising revenue, which is a crucial source of income for broadcasters.

Advertisers use TRP ratings to assess the reach and effectiveness of their ad campaigns, making it important for broadcasters to maintain high ratings. The factors that affect advertising revenue include the time slot, the popularity of the show, the type of audience, and competition from other channels.

Advertisers typically pay more for prime-time slots during popular shows with higher TRP, resulting in higher revenue for broadcasters. Therefore, maintaining high TRP ratings is essential for broadcasters to attract advertisers and generate revenue.

What is 1 TRP equal to?

Television Rating Point (TRP) is a metric used to determine a television program’s or channel’s popularity. It is calculated by measuring the viewership of a particular program or channel among a specific target audience at a given time. One TRP is equivalent to one percent of the total target audience being measured.

To calculate TRP, audience measurement agencies like BARC (Broadcast Audience Research Council) and TAM (Television Audience Measurement) collect data from a representative sample of households with television sets.

The sample is chosen based on geographical, demographic, and other relevant factors to ensure it represents the entire population. The data is then used to calculate the percentage of the target audience that watched a particular program or channel during a specific time slot.

TRP is important to influence advertising revenue for broadcasters. Advertisers pay more for advertising slots on programs with higher TRPs, as they have a wider reach among the target audience. Therefore, programs with higher TRPs are more profitable for broadcasters, leading to more investment in content creation and production.

1 TRP is a crucial metric that reflects the popularity of a television program or channel among its target audience. It has significant implications for broadcasters and advertisers.

What does high TRP mean?

High TRP ratings indicate that a television program has a large viewership and is popular among audiences. In the broadcast industry, high TRP ratings are extremely important for both broadcasters and advertisers as they directly impact advertising revenue.

Broadcasters use TRP ratings to measure their popularity and use this information to improve their quality. Advertisers, on the other hand, use TRP ratings to decide which programs to advertise and at what cost. Programs with high TRP ratings are more attractive to advertisers, as they offer a larger audience for their advertisements.

Several factors contribute to high TRP ratings, including the time slot of the program, the content of the program, and the popularity of the actors or hosts. Programs that are aired during prime time slots and offer engaging and entertaining content are more likely to have high TRP ratings.

Additionally, programs that feature popular actors or hosts with a large fan following are also likely to have excellent TRP ratings. It is important to note that TRP ratings are not always an accurate measure of a program’s quality. However, they offer valuable insights into audience behavior and preferences.


The Television Rating Point is a vital metric used in the broadcast industry to measure TV viewership and determine television program popularity. The TRP rating system is significant for broadcasters and advertisers as it helps them assess the success of their programming and advertising strategies. One TRP is equivalent to 1% of the total television households in a particular region or demographic.

A high TRP rating indicates a large audience. This can lead to increased advertising revenue and impact future programming decisions. Factors that contribute to high TRP ratings include engaging content, popular personalities, and effective marketing campaigns. Understanding TRP ratings is crucial for all broadcast industry stakeholders to make informed decisions and engage with their audience.

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