Essay on Terrorism and It’s effect on Society


Terrorism has become one of the most pressing global issues of our time, and it has caused mass casualties, forced millions to flee their homes, and disrupted economies all over the world. This essay will explore what terrorism is, how it works, and some ways to combat it.

The Definition of Terrorism

Terrorism is the use of violence as a means to intimidate or coerce a population in order to achieve political or social objectives. It is usually characterized by the indiscriminate use of force against civilians, including targeting non-combatants. Terrorist groups may be motivated by religious or political beliefs or may be formed for personal gain. Terrorism has been employed by various actors throughout history, including states, non-state actors, and paramilitary groups.

Types of Terrorism

Terrorism can take many different forms and can be categorized in several ways. Here are three categories that are often used to classify terrorism: ideological, political, and psychological.

Ideological terrorism is when terrorists use violence or threats of violence to promote an ideological agenda. Common examples of ideological terrorism include the Palestinian terrorist group Hamas, which uses its rocket attacks against Israeli civilians to promote its radical Islamist beliefs, and Al-Qaeda, which seeks to overthrow all western governments and replace them with Islamic regimes.

Political terrorism is when terrorists use violence or threats of violence to achieve political goals. Common examples of political terrorism include the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which has carried out countless bombings and shootings in order to force British authorities to withdraw from Northern Ireland, and the Basque separatist group ETA, which has killed hundreds of people over several decades in an attempt to create an independent Basque state.

Psychological terrorism is when terrorists use violence or threats of violence to intimidate or terrorize their victims. Common examples of psychological terrorism include the 9/11 attacks, which were carried out by Al-Qaeda members who used hijacked planes as missiles to destroy several high-profile buildings in Manhattan, and the London Tube bombings of 2005, which were perpetrated by Muslim extremists who wanted to create a climate of fear in the British capital.

A History of Terrorism

Terrorism has always been with us. From ancient times, when some groups resorted to violence to achieve their goals, terrorism has remained a global problem in the modern era. Today, terrorism is defined as the use of violence and threats of violence for political purposes. The definition can be pretty expansive, but it can be said that terrorism is an act or policy intended to produce terror in the general population.

The roots of terrorism can be traced back to antiquity. Early terrorist groups targeted religious and political leaders to create change. For example, terrorists targeted both the king and prominent clergy members during the French Revolution. In more recent times, terrorist groups have focused on attacking civilian targets to create fear and instability. One of the most well-known examples is 9/11. On September 11th, 2001, terrorists attacked United States soil using planes as weapons, resulting in the deaths of over 3,000 people. Since then, terrorism has become a global problem.

Terrorism comes in many different forms and has been used for many different purposes over the years. Some examples include religious extremism (such as Islamic terrorism) and nationalist extremism (such as Irish Republican). 

A Cause of Terrorism

Terrorism is caused by various factors, including poverty, lack of education, and unemployment. It can also be caused by a conflict between different groups or religions.

Terrorism often occurs in areas with poor infrastructure and weak government control. Terrorists hope to create fear and chaos in order to achieve their goals.

Effect of Terrorism

Terrorism has a significant effect on the world. It causes immense pain and suffering to innocent people, and it threatens the very fabric of society. In this essay, we will explore the effects of terrorism on society, the economy, and politics.

Society: Terrorism destroys social cohesion and creates a climate of fear. It undermines trust between people, creates animosity towards those not involved in terrorism, and strengthens the divide between religious groups. It also makes it more difficult for law enforcement to carry out its duties, as citizens become reluctant to cooperate with authorities.

Economy: Terrorism harms the economy by disrupting production and preventing businesses from functioning normally. It also leads to higher prices for goods and services, which can devastate the livelihoods of ordinary people. Furthermore, terrorist attacks often result in financial losses for insurers and governments.

Politics: Terrorism undermines democracy by eroding public trust in government institutions and creating a climate of fear. It also makes it more challenging to achieve consensus on policy proposals, leading to gridlock in decision-making processes. In addition, terrorist attacks can create a vacuum of power that is filled by extremist groups or individuals who are sympathetic to their cause.

Terrorist Attacks in India

The terrorist attacks in India have caused a great deal of damage and loss of life. These attacks were carried out by members of the Islamic State, ISI, or ISIS. The attacks took place in various parts of the country, including Mumbai, Delhi, and Bengaluru. The attacks killed over a thousand people and injured many more.

These terrorist attacks are a reminder of the dangers that come with terrorism, and they also show the importance of working together to prevent such attacks from happening. The government of India has responded to these attacks by carrying out raids across the country, and they have also offered support to the victims and their families.

I am sharing a few of the worst terrorist attacks below.

  • Rajeev Gandhi Assasination
  • Kalyan Train Bomb Blast
  • Mumbai Bomb Blast
  • Bowbazar Blast
  • 2001 Indian Parliament attack
  • Coimbatore bombings
  • The terrorist attack on Red Fort
  • Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly car bombing
  • Rafiganj train wreck
  • Attack on Akshardham temple
  • Three powerful serial blasts in New Delhi at different places
  • 2006 Mumbai train bombings
  • 2006 Malegaon bombings
  • 2007 Samjhauta Express bombings
  • 2007 Hyderabad bombings
  • Jaipur Bomb Blast
  • 2008 17 serial bomb blasts in Ahmedabad
  • Five bomb blasts in Delhi markets
  • 2008 Assam bombings
  • 2008 Mumbai Terrorist attacks
  • 2013 Srinagar attack
  • Jnaneswari Express train derailment
  • 2016 Uri attack
  • 2017 Sukma attack
  • 2017 Amarnath Yatra attack
  • 2019 Pulwama attack

How to Respond to Terrorism

When confronted with terrorism, the first thing to do is stay calm. You will not be able to reason with a terrorist if you are panicking or feeling overwhelmed. The best way to deal with a terrorist is to stay calm and face them head-on. If you are carrying a weapon, keep it concealed unless you are under direct threat. Try not to show fear or anger.

Remember, terrorists want us to react in a way that makes them look stronger, so stay calm and rational. If possible, try and get the terrorist’s name and information about their organization or group. Let the authorities know about the situation to take appropriate action.


Today, terrorism is one of the most pressing global issues, and it has become a significant concern for governments and societies all over the world and the general public. While there is no single answer to this problem, we must all start thinking about how to combat terrorism and make our society more secure. Here are some ideas on how we could go about doing that:

– Educate ourselves and our children about the dangers of terrorism and why it matters.

– Support government programs that are aimed at combating terrorist violence.

– Cooperate with law enforcement agencies to track down terrorists and their sympathizers.

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