Essay on Child Labor for Students and Children


In this essay on child labor, we will discuss the causes and effects. Child labor is a global problem that needs to be solved. Millions of children are forced to work in dangerous and unhealthy conditions every year. This is because their parents can’t afford to support them, and they have to work to survive. Child labor is a violation of human rights, and it needs to be stopped.

What is Child Labour

Most people think of child labor involving children in physically demanding jobs, such as in factories or agriculture. However, child labor can also refer to any work that is harmful to children or prevents them from attending school.

According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are 215 million children around the world who are engaged in child labor. This is equivalent to almost one in every ten children between the ages of 5 and 17.

Child labor is often considered a problem in developing countries, but it exists in developed countries as well. For example, in the United States, an estimated 400,000 children are working in hazardous conditions.

There are many reasons why children engage in child labor. Poverty is often a significant factor, as families may rely on their children’s income to survive. In some cases, children may be forced to work by their parents or other adults. Children may turn to work out of desperation after being orphaned or separated from their families.

Who Started the Child Labour

There are many different theories about who started child labor. Some say that it was the wealthy landowners who wanted to keep the cost of production down. Others say that the industrialists wanted a ready supply of cheap labor. And still, others say that it was the government that wanted to create a workforce for their factories and mines.

Whatever the case may be, it is clear that child labor has been around for centuries. In fact, there are records of children working in factories and mines as far back as the 16th century. The Industrial Revolution only increased the demand for child labor as more and more factories and mills were built.

The reason why children were used as laborers was that they were cheaper to employ than adults. They were also considered to be more obedient and less likely to unionize or strike.

Child labor continued to be used throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. It wasn’t until the late 1800s that people became concerned about the practice. Reformers began to call for an end to child labor, and laws were passed in some countries to regulate it.

However, it wasn’t until after World War II that child labor began to decline significantly.

Type of Child Labour


There are various types of child labor practices that exist in different parts of the world. Some of the more common types include:

1. Agricultural child labor: This type of child labor is rampant in many developing countries, where children are often used as cheap laborers on farms and plantations.

2. Domestic child labor: In many homes, especially in developing countries, children are often employed as domestic help. They may be required to do household chores such as cooking, cleaning, and looking after younger siblings.

3. Factory child labor: Children are employed as laborers in many factories and industrial units. They may be required to work long hours in hazardous conditions for little or no pay.

4. Hazardous child labor: This is one of the most dangerous forms of child labor and includes jobs such as working in mines, asbestos factories, and hazardous chemicals.

5. Sexual exploitation: Unfortunately, sexual exploitation of children is also a form of child labor in many parts of the world. Children may be forced into prostitution or other sexual activities against their will.

Child labor is a serious problem that needs to be addressed urgently.

Cause of Child Labour

There are many causes of child labor, and some of these causes are poverty, lack of education, and family circumstances.

Poverty is one of the leading causes of child labor. Families who live in poverty often can’t afford to send their children to school. This means that children have to work to help support their families. Lack of education is another cause of child labor. Children who don’t go to school often have to work to survive. Family circumstances can also lead to child labor. For example, if a family has a lot of children, the older children may have to work to help support the younger ones.

Child Labour condition in India

Every day, millions of children worldwide are forced to work in hazardous, abusive, and often life-threatening conditions, and India is no exception. In fact, with over 10 million child laborers, India has the highest number of working children globally.

Most child laborers in India are found in the agricultural sector, exposed to extreme weather conditions, dangerous tools, and pesticides. Other sectors where child labor is prevalent include the construction industry, domestic work, manufacturing, and quarrying.

Many children are forced into labor by their parents or other family members struggling to make ends meet. Others are lured by the promise of food and shelter by traffickers and end up in bonded labor or sexual exploitation.

Working long hours in dangerous and unhealthy conditions takes a toll on child laborers’ physical and mental health. They often miss out on an education, which means they are trapped in a cycle of poverty and poor prospects for their future.

It is estimated that there are over 60 million child laborers worldwide. This is a violation of their human rights, and we must do something to stop it.

Why Child Labour is Increasing

There are many reasons why child labor is on the rise. One of the main reasons is poverty. With more families struggling to make ends meet, children are often pulled out of school and sent to work to help make ends meet.

Another reason child labor is on the rise is the exploitation of children by adults. Adults often take advantage of children by paying them very little for their work or making them work in dangerous or unhealthy conditions.

Child labor is a major problem all over the world, and it needs to be addressed urgently. We must find ways to prevent children from being forced into labor and provide them with better options for their future.

Effect of Child Labour

Many people believe that child labor is harmful to children and should be banned. However, there are some benefits to child labor as well. While it is true that child labor can be detrimental to a child’s health and education, it can also provide them with skills and experience that they may not otherwise have the opportunity to acquire.

Some argue that child labor is necessary for developing countries as it provides economic opportunities for struggling families to make ends meet. Others claim that child labor is a form of exploitation, as children are often paid very little for their work.

There is no easy answer when it comes to whether or not child labor is beneficial or harmful. It is essential to consider the individual circumstances of each case before making a judgment.

Why Child Labour is a Crime

Most of us have heard of child labor, but many do not know what it actually is. Child labor is defined as work harmful to children or work that deprives them of their childhood, and it is a form of exploitation and a violation of the human rights of children.

Child labor is still prevalent in many parts of the world, especially in developing countries. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there are about 168 million child laborers around the world, and the majority of them are found in Asia and Africa.

Child labor is often carried out in hazardous conditions and can negatively impact the physical, mental, and social development of children. It can also prevent them from getting an education and enjoying their childhood.

There are many reasons why children are forced into child labor. Poverty is one of the main reasons. Families who live in poverty may see child labor as a way to survive and make ends meet. They may believe that their children need to work to help support the family financially.

Sometimes, children are forced into child labor by adults who exploit them for their gain. Adults may cause children to work long hours for little or no pay.

Child Labour Law

The Child Labour Law was enacted in 1986 to protect children’s rights and prohibit their exploitation. The law provides for the regulation of child labor and sets out the duties of employers and others to ensure that children are not employed in hazardous conditions. The law also establishes the National Commission for the Elimination of Child Labour (NCECL) to monitor and eliminate child labor.

How to Eradicate Child Labour

Whatever the reason, child labor is unacceptable. Children should be given the opportunity to go to school and play, not work in dangerous and unhealthy conditions.

There are several things that can be done to eradicate child labor. Governments can pass laws making it illegal for businesses to hire children under a certain age. Enforcement of these laws is vital, as is increasing public awareness of the issue. International organizations can also help by putting pressure on governments to take action against child labor and providing financial assistance to families who cannot afford to send their children to school.

Child labor is a complex issue, but it is one that can be eradicated if we all work together.

Conclusion of Child Labour Essay

In conclusion, child labor is a huge problem that needs to be addressed. It is something that affects millions of children around the world, and it is something that needs to be stopped. There are many ways to help prevent child labor, such as supporting organizations that work to end it, raising awareness, and pressuring governments to do more to address the issue. We all need to do our part to end child labor.

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